Udev - USB Keyboard questions

alupu at verizon.net alupu at verizon.net
Wed Feb 2 13:30:35 PST 2011


(B)LFS i686-pc-linux-gnu, 2.6.37, Udev-165.  Keyboard:
 Microsoft ANB-00001 Black 104 Normal Keys USB Wired Slim Keyboard 600

Hello,

INTRO
I got into some slight and strange (for me) problems
in tuning up my Xorg-7.6 experience.  Unimportant for
the subject questions to follow.
However, the "connection" between the above and what follows
is the way Udev has been discovering and setting up my "input"
devices, the mouse and the keyboard.
I treated this issue a little cavalierly - after all everything
basically works, at command line and later in X - but what with
Xorg-7.6 logs and all, I started scratching my head harder and harder.

SUBJECT
1. On boot-up, both the USB mouse and USB keyboard seem to be
counted twice (to my layman's eye).
 (example below is a boot console extract for the subject keyboard):

<<
usb 5-2: new low speed USB device using uhci_hcd and address 2
input: Microsoft Wired Keyboard 600 as
 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.2/usb5/5-2/5-2:1.0/input/input4

generic-usb 0003:045E:0750.0002: input: USB HID v1.11 Keyboard [Microsoft
 Wired Keyboard 600] on usb-0000:00:1a.2-2/input0

input: Microsoft Wired Keyboard 600 as
 /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.2/usb5/5-2/5-2:1.1/input/input5

generic-usb 0003:045E:0750.0003: input: USB HID v1.11 Device [Microsoft
 Wired Keyboard 600] on usb-0000:00:1a.2-2/input1
>>

Please note the "5-2:1.0" and "5-2:1.1" and about four different inputX's.

2. Recently, as I said, I got curioser and curioser, so this is
an excerpt from the output of 'udevadm monitor' on replugging the
keyboard:
<<
 ...
KERNEL add
/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.2/usb5/5-2/5-2:1.0/input/input8/event4 (input)
 ...
KERNEL add
/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.2/usb5/5-2/5-2:1.1/input/input9/js0 (input)

Udev dutifully reacts to the kernel events and does, respectively:

UDEV   add /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.2/usb5/5-2/5-2:1.0/input/input8 (input)
UDEV   add /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.2/usb5/5-2/5-2:1.1/input/input9 (input)
 ...
UDEV   add
/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.2/usb5/5-2/5-2:1.1/input/input9/js0 (input)
UDEV   add
/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.2/usb5/5-2/5-2:1.0/input/input8/event4 (input)
 ...
>>

Please note a related typical output:
 ls -l /dev/input
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root    120 2011-02-02 14:56 by-id
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root    160 2011-02-02 14:56 by-path
crw-r----- 1 root root 13, 64 2011-02-02 14:56 event0
crw-r----- 1 root root 13, 65 2011-02-02 14:56 event1
crw-r----- 1 root root 13, 66 2011-02-02 14:56 event2
crw-r----- 1 root root 13, 67 2011-02-02 14:56 event3
crw-r----- 1 root root 13, 68 2011-02-02 14:56 event4
crw-r----- 1 root root 13, 69 2011-02-02 14:56 event5
crw-r--r-- 1 root root 13,  0 2011-02-02 14:56 js0
crw-r----- 1 root root 13, 63 2011-02-02 14:56 mice
crw-r----- 1 root root 13, 32 2011-02-02 14:56 mouse0

Another note:
For the above machinations, Udev uses mostly the rules in file
'/lib/udev/rules.d/60-persistent-input.rules'

QUESTIONS
1.  Why does the _kernel_ appears to "see" the USB keyboard
 (and the mouse, FTM - not shown here) twice?

2.  Why does the _kernel_ "forces" js on my poor keyboard?
    'Documentation/devices.txt' states
  <<
 13 char        Input core
                  0 = /dev/input/js0    First joystick
 >>


Note:  as an aside, this gets me in "real" trouble later, on X start-up:

 (EE) Microsoft Wired Keyboard 600: failed to initialize for relative axes.
 (WW) Microsoft Wired Keyboard 600: found 37 axes, limiting to 36.
 (II) Microsoft Wired Keyboard 600: initialized for absolute axes.
 (II) config/udev: Adding input device Microsoft Wired Keyboard 600
      (/dev/input/js0)

It appears the keyboard (as js0) is seen by people as a joystick with
a lot of axes;  looks like only two axes (H and V) to me.

Thanks,
-- Alex



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